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Tudor fact file

Mary I

Born 1516
Died 1558
Daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon


  • Queen of England 1553 to 1558.
  • She was known as 'Bloody Mary' because of the number of people she had killed.
  • When Edward VI died and Lady Jane Grey was made queen, Mary and her supporters quickly took over and she was made queen.
  • In 1554 she married Philip II of Spain who was heir to the Spanish throne.
  • Mary did not have any children.
  • She changed the country back to a Catholic one.
  • Mary had all the leading Protestants like Thomas Cranmer put in prison.
  • If people did not accept the Catholic Church they were punished as heretics. The punishment was death usually by burning at the stake.
  • In 1555 Cranmer and 270 Protestant priests and other ordinary people were burned at the stake.
  • Mary was an unpopular queen.
  • She died in 1558.


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